The waste classification system currently used in Ukraine primarily focuses on the safe and economic interim storage of the waste but not on its eventual final disposal. Within the scope of its support programme for nuclear safety, the European Commis-sion provides funds for the development of radioactive waste management systems in Eastern Europe. In 2011, a consortium consisting of DBE TECHNOLOGY GmbH as project leader and four other European waste management agencies (AN-DRA/France, COVRA, Netherlands, ENRESA/Spain, and SKB International AB, Sweden) was awarded a contract for the improvement of the radioactive waste classification system in Ukraine.
In coordination with the three Ukrainian beneficiaries; i.e., the Ministry of Ukraine of Emergencies and Affairs of Population Protection from the Consequences of the Chernobyl Catastrophe, the Ministry of Energy and Coal Industry of Ukraine, and the Ministry of Health of Ukraine, the waste classification system has been improved and also complies with the most recent recommendations of IAEA. The results of the pro-ject were presented during a public workshop held in Kiev in December 2012. The application of the new waste classification system will allow the safe disposal of all radioactive waste generated in Ukraine. This includes waste already existing and waste that will be generated in the future. At the same time, it makes waste disposal more economic; i.e., compared with previous estimates, the disposal costs can be reduced by approximately 50 %. In addition to this, proposals and recommendations for amendments to the corresponding laws and regulations and for a stepwise im-plementation of the classification system into practical use were made.